After lengthy and difficult deliberations, the European Union agreed this week to a new and higher level of sanctions against Russia, including the closing of European capital markets to Russian state banks, an embargo on new weapons sales and the transfer of sophisticated oil drilling technology.
The United States followed suit shortly with measures meant to match the Europeansí and further added a Russian shipbuilding firm to the list of companies banned from doing business with Americans.
These punitive and carefully orchestrated actions go considerably beyond any previous sanctions. They are designed to exact a heavy price from President Vladimir Putin, and deservedly so. Russiaís behavior since the downing of a Malaysian jetliner with the loss of 298 lives has been a string of lies and a sharp escalation of direct involvement in the Ukrainian fray.
Russia, Obama said, ďis once again isolating itself from the international community, setting back decades of genuine progress. It didnít have to come to this. It doesnít have to be this way. This is a choice that Russia, and President Putin in particular, has made.ĒCompounding the case against Russia are public charges by the United States that Russia has violated a fundamental arms control accord, the Intermediate-range Nuclear Forces Treaty, by testing a prohibited ground-launched cruise missile. According to a report in The New York Times on Tuesday, Obama conveyed the finding to Putin on Monday. So far, there has been no public response from Moscow. The INF Treaty, signed in 1987, bans testing, producing or possessing such missiles with a range of 300 to 3,400 miles.
Economic sanctions are a flawed and double-edged weapon, but, short of armed force, they are the only tools at the disposal of the West to make Putin and his revanchist-ruling clique understand that breaking the rules of international behavior carries a cost, and, further, that there can be no business-as-usual when Russia carries out armed aggression against a sovereign state while enabling proxies in eastern Ukraine who shoot down an unarmed passenger plane.
Europeís readiness to strengthen its earlier response ó which has consisted mainly of restrictions on individual Russians ó and to join the United States in striking at the Russian economy shows that Europeís leaders have now grasped the magnitude of Putinís threat. It shows also a commendable willingness to confront that threat despite the difficulty of coordinated action by 28 EU members, Europeís heavy dependence on Russian natural gas, and the potential cost in lost jobs and contracts.
This change of view makes all the more troubling Franceís continued determination to deliver at least one of the two Mistral-class warships it is building for Russia for 1.2 billion euros, or about $1.6 billion. The Mistral is not heavily armed, but it is a serious military asset as a forward command post and helicopter carrier. It is, in short, a formidable weapon, and the very idea that France is building two for Putin at this time is deeply troubling.
President FranÁois Hollande of France and other French officials have reacted angrily to U.S. and British calls for the deal to be suspended. Prime Minister David Cameron of Britain has been especially sharply assailed in France for criticizing the French while keeping Britainís doors open to Russian oligarchs who park a lot of their loot in London. Certainly Britain cannot be exempt from making sacrifices in any future round of sanctions; nor Germany, with its extensive exports to Russia, nor any other EU member. But financial sacrifice is one thing; arming Russia is another. That is what the French should focus on at this juncture, not the supposed slights of their allies.
At this point, it appears likely that France will go ahead with the delivery of the first Mistral, the Vladivostok, in October. But Hollande has left open the possibility of at least delaying the second one, which is due for delivery late next year. One warship less may not hurt Putin as much as economic measures that shrink his economy and hurt his cronies, but a decision by France to suspend the deal would encourage other European countries to accept whatever sacrifices future sanctions might entail. It would also make a powerful statement about Western resolve not to appease Putin ó and about French honor.
ó The New York Times
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